The most common wood flooring consists of solid, one-piece boards in strips, planks or as parquet. Solid wood flooring can be sanded and refinished for years of use.

Engineered Wood
Multiple layers of wood are
fused together in cross-grain
configuration. Engineered
hardwoods are more stable and less susceptible to
moisture and therefore can be installed in areas that
solids cannot, such as below-grade and over

Strip Flooring
Linear flooring that is usually 2-1/4", 1-1/2", or 3-1/4" wide. It creates a linear effect in a room, often promoting the illusion of larger space.

Plank Flooring
Plank flooring is also linear, but wider in width. Typical widths are 3", 4", 5" and 6".
Plank flooring is often used for a more traditional or country look.

Parquet Flooring
Parquet flooing is a series of wood pieces that create a dramatic geometric design. Parquet flooring comes in standard patterns of 6" x 6" blocks. Specialty patterns may range up to 36" square.

The edges of all the boards meet squarely creating a uniform, smooth surface that blends the floor together from board to board. Square edges create an overall look that is contemporary or formal depending on the wood style.

Each board is slightly beveled along the board length. Some styles also bevel the end joints. Eased edges help hide minor and create a visually consistent floor. Microbeveled edge is also called eased edge depending on manufacturer.

This board style has a very distinctive groove. The edges are also completely sealed making dirt easy to be swept or vacumed out. Beveled edges lend themselves to an informal and country dEcor.


Typically used with the 3/4" depth solid products, however ther are sadapters available for thinner flooring sizes. 2" nailing cleats are used with a wood flooring nailer and mallet to attach the flooring to the subfloor. Solid strip floors or plank floors can only be installed on wooden subfloors on grade or above grade.

Solid wood
2-1/2 " to 2" staples are used versus nailing. A pneumatic gun is used to drive the staple into the wood flooring and subfloor. This procedure is easier for do-it-youself installations. Not all wood flooring manufacturers recommend the same staple gun.

A recommended mastic or adhesive is spread on with the proper sized trowel to adheree the wood flooring to the subfloor. Engineered wood floors and parquet can be glued down. Solid wood and plank floors must be nailed or stapled.

Engineered Wood
The wood floor is not attached to the underlying subfloor. There is a thin pad that is placed between the wood flooring and the subfloor. A recommended glue is then applied tot the tongue and groove of each plank to hold the floor together. Some engineered floors and all longstrip floors can be floated.


Cured with ultra violet lights versus heat making the floor easier to maintain.

A clear, tough and durable finish that is applied as a wear layer.

A slightly different chemical make up than polurethane with the same benefits.

Uses advanced ceramics to increase the abrasion resistance of the wear layer.

Aluminum Oxide
Added to the urethane finish for incresed abrasion and wear resistance.

Acrylic impregnated
Acrylic monomers are injected into the wood to give increased hardness. Typically used in commercial grades.

Rounded growths on a tree produce curling, ornamental patterns in lumber.

Solid wood
Hard, cylindrical regions marking locations of branches.

Mineral Streaks
Olive or grayish marks caused by trace elements in water or soil.

The direction, size, appearance and quality of the fibers that give strength and distinctive patterns.

Growth Rings
Layers of wood added to a tree durig a single growing season.